• Xưởng sửa chữa và chuẩn chỉnh máy địa vật lý

    Xưởng có nhiệm vụ chính là bảo dưỡng, sửa chữa và hiệu chỉnh các máy móc thiết bị điện tử phục vụ cho các đơn vị trong Xí nghiệp địa vật lý giếng khoan. Ngoài ra xưởng còn nghiên cứu đưa vào ứng dụng và phát triển công nghệ tin học trong công tác địa vật lý

  • Trung tâm Phân tích và Xử lý số liệu

    Có nhiệm vụ đánh giá chất lượng tài liệu do Xí nghiệp Địa vật lý thực hiện.

  • Đội công nghệ cao

    Khảo sát địa vật lý tổng hợp trong giếng đang khoan. Đo địa vật lý tổng hợp, bắn mìn.

  • Đội Kiểm tra công nghệ khai thác

    Có nhiệm vụ là đo khảo sát và kiểm tra công nghệ khai thác trong các giếng khai thác và bơm ép.

  • Đội Carota khí

    Đội Carôta khí có nhiệm vụ chính là khảo sát carota khí, cung cấp kịp thời các số liệu để xác minh trữ lượng, tình trạng các giếng khoan.

  • Đội thử vỉa

    Đội có nhiệm vụ thử vỉa ở các giếng khoan nhằm định hướng cho công tác khoan, xác định tình trạng và đo vỉa, cung cấp thông tin để xác định trữ lượng công nghiệp của giếng

L&TD

LOGGING & TESTING DIVISION

XÍ NGHIỆP ĐỊA VẬT LÝ GIẾNG KHOAN - BẠN ĐỒNG HÀNH CỦA CÁC NHÀ DẦU KHÍ

Production Logging

1 3/8” SHORT COMBINATION PL TOOLSTRING

DESCRIPTION

This is easily transported toolstring, designed for use where access is restricted. The basic string, with Flowmeter, Temperature, Capacitance, Density, Gamma, Pressure & CCL sensors, can be used for Memory or Surface Readout operations; it can also be extended to include other Sondex tools and will operate a  variety of flowmeter mechanical sections.

For transportation in a small case, the string breaks down into very short sections. These hae pressure isolation ans can have other tools such as Centralisers, Knuckle Joints ect. Fitted between them. 

KEY POINTS 

  • The short compact toolstring uses combined tools (QPC and CTF) to minimize tool length.
  • 1 3/8" (35mm) OD tools
  • The data quality is improved by reducing the spacing between sensors.
  • Interchangeable flowmeter mechanical sections to match the completion
  • Easy portability and reduced rig up height
  • Can be run in surface readout or memory mode by adding a telemetry cartridge or memory recorder

 

SPECIFICATIONS

Diameter 1 3/8” (35mm)
Length Bsic seven sensors 73” (185cm)
Weight 22lbs (10kg)
Pressure Rating 15,000 psi (103.4MPa)
Temperature Rating 350 Degrees F (1770C)
Flowmeter CFS or CFB. 10 pulse per revolution
Capacitance 0-40% water hold-up
Temperature Fast response (<0.5s); resolution 0.00350C
Diameter 1 3/8” (35mm)
Length Bsic seven sensors 73” (185cm)
Weight 22lbs (10kg)
Pressure Rating 15,000 psi (103.4MPa)
Temperature Rating 350 Degrees F (1770C)
Flowmeter CFS or CFB. 10 pulse per revolution
Capacitance 0-40% water hold-up

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Fluid Density

DESCRIPTION

The Sondex FDR provides a reliable, durable and comparatively safe means of measuring fluid density at all well deviations. The tool uses a low energy Americium‑241 gamma ray source with radiation levels approaching background at a distance of only one metre from the tool. The tool has been re‑designed to be immune to the effects of radioactive scale. A radiation shield is provided which can be locked on the tool so that the source can be left in place between jobs. As the tool is unaffected by gravity or pressure fluctuations, it is able to operate reliably in all orientations from vertical to horizontal, and at all flow rates.

OPERATING PRINCIPLE

Gamma rays are emitted by the RA source at one end of a measuring cell through which the well fluid passes. At the opposite end of the cell a scintillation detector provides a count rate which is a logarithmic function of the fluid density. The scintillation detector is temperature stabilized and matched to the gamma energy of the source. The tool may be calibrated in air and fresh water using Sondex supplied multipliers to derive calibration values applicable to oil and saltwater densities.

SPECIFICATIONS


Memory Wireline
Supply Voltage +12V DC +60V DC
Power / Current 20 mA 25 mA
Range 0 to 1.25 g/cc
Accuracy 0.03 g/cc
Resolution 0.01 g/cc
Source AM241 5.55Gbq (150mCi)
Max. Pressure 15,000 psi 15,000 psi
Max. Temperature 350°F (177°C)
Tool Length 26.5" (673mm)
Measure Point 4.33" (110mm)
Tool Diameter 1-3/8" (35mm) 1-1/2" (38mm)
Weight 6 lbs (2.7kg) 7.5 lbs (3.2kg)
Materials Corrosion resistant throughout

BENEFITS:

  • Evaluating multiphase production profile.
  • Identifying the location of oil, gas or water.
  • Identifying fluid flow pattern in well bore
  • It could be used in horizontal or highly deviated Wells.
  • It is sensitive with a wide range of fluid flow rates.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The combination of capacitance & density tool is helpful to identify the patterns of fluid flow in vertical / horizontal / highly deviated wells... 

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Downhole Pressure Measurement

DESCRIPTION

 

For high precision downhole pressure measurement, we use Sondex quartz pressure gauge tool, employing an industry standard quartz crystal pressure transducer. The tool provides both pressure and gauge temperature outputs.

 

OPERATING PRINCIPLE

 

Fluid pressure applied to the quartz tension member changes the resonant frequency of the quartz crystal. Thermal compensation of the sensor and measurement of its temperature allows the calculation of very accurate, high-resolution downhole pressures.

Pressure readings are digitized to 24-bit resolution and gauge temperature to 16 bits and transmitted on one channel of the telemetry system simultaneously with other logging signals. In surface readout applications two pressure tools can be used with output from both tools transmitted in a single digital channel.

 

SPECIFICATIONS

  Memory Wireline
Supply Voltage +12V DC +60V DC
Power / Current 5 mA 50 mA
Max. Pressure 15,000 psia
Max. Temp. 3500 F (1770 C)
Drift Less than 3 psi per year
Tool Length 12.25" (311mm) 22.5" (572mm)
Measure Point 2.9" (74mm)
Tool Diameter 1-1/2" (38mm)
Weight 4.85 lb (2.2kg)
6.5 lb (3kg)
Range 0-15,000 psia
Linearity ≤  0.01 % FS
Resolution 0.008 psi
Repeatability ≤  0.01 % FS
Hysterisis ≤  0.01 % FS
Materials Corrosion resistant throughout

Benefits:

 

  • Downhole pressure gradient measurement.
  • Evaluating the multiphase production profile.
  • Draw down and build up pressure transient analysis
  • Data for productivity index and Nodal Analysis.
  • It could be used in horizontal or highly deviated Wells
The study of hydrodynamic characteristics is one of the most important methods to monitor production life of reservoir. It consists of:
  • Reservoir pressure monitoring helps in optimizing primary production regime and enhanced production regime. In addition reservoir pressure is to be used in reserves assessment by material balance
  • Evaluation of reservoir permeability and skin effect of region around the wellbore. The can then be used to determine the technical solution such as acidizing fracturing works
  • Determination of present oil-water contact.

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Capacitance Water Holdup

DESCRIPTION

The Sondex Capacitance Water Hold‑up Tool essentially measures the proportion of water in the well fluid. The design of the fluid flow path through the tool ensures representative sampling of the fluid in the well and ease of cleaning. The tool is most responsive up to 45% water cut, above which it starts to saturate as the conductive phase becomes dominant. In high water cut flows presentation scales can be expanded to indicate hydrocarbon entry that may not be detected by density tools. Also, though the tool is primarily a water holdup tool, because the tool has slightly different frequencies in gas and oil, in water free high Gas Oil Ratio wells it can be used to emulate a density tool as an indicator of GOR, but with higher resolution.

OPERATING PRINCIPLE

The tool is essentially an annular capacitor with the central probe and external cage acting as the capacitor plates and the well fluid flowing between the plates as the dielectric. Water has a high dielectric constant and hydrocarbons have low dielectric constants thus the output frequency of the tool changes in relation to the changing average dielectric constant, or water / hydrocarbon ratio, of the fluid flowing through the tool. Water holdup is determined by reference to a holdup / fractional response chart.

SPECIFICATIONS

  Memory Wireline
Supply Voltage +12V DC +60V DC
Power / Current 3 mA 13mA
Best operating Range 0 to 40% Water cut
Resolution 1%
Max. Pressure 12,000 psi
Max. Temperature 350°F (177°C)
Tool Length 26-1/8" (638mm)
Measure Point 8.6" (218mm)
Tool Diameter 1.5" (38mm)
Weight 7.5 1b /3.4kg
Materials Corrosion Resistant Throughout
Accuracy 1% (Yw <40%)
BENEFITS:
  • Evaluating multiphase production profile.
  • Identifying fluid flow pattern in well bore
  • It could be used in horizontal or highly deviated wells
  • It could be used in horizontal or highly deviated wells
  • It is sensitive with a wide range of fluid flow rates.

The plot opposite shows the productive zones against the fractured zones observed clearly by CAST-V in the White Tiger fractured basement reservoir

 

 

 

 

Entry of fluid is clearly indicated in the permeable zone as per CFBRATE, DENR and CWHRATE. 

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DownHole Temperature Measurement

 

DESCRIPTION

 

The Platinum Resistance Thermometer is used to give a high precision reading of wellbore temperature. It outputs temperature data as a digital word allowing for very high resolution. Because of the small size of the tip it also has a very rapid response time, which minimizes the effects of differing line speeds. It can be run alone, or as part of a string of Production Logging tools.

 

OPERATING PRINCIPLE

 

The change of resistance of a length of platinum wire with changing well temperature is used to drive a Voltage Controller Oscillator. The frequency output from the VCO is digitized and encoded on the line. The high thermal conductivity copper tip is isolated with a low thermal conductivity body, which allows for high-resolution measurement even with high differential temperatures between the well fluid and the tool body.

 

SPECIFICATIONS

  Memory Wireline
Supply Voltage +12V DC +60V DC
Power / Current 15mA 18mA
Range 50-350°F (10-177 °C)
Max. Pressure 12,000psi
Max. Temp. 350°F (177°C)
Tool Length    
Measure Point 1.75" (44mm)
Tool Diameter 1.5" (38mm)
Weight 3.97 lb (1.8kg)
Response Time <0.5 seconds
Resolution 0.0035 deg C, 0.0063 deg F
Accuracy ±0.50 C / 0.90 F
Linearity 15% of full scale for two point cal
Materials Corrosion resistant throughout

Benefits:  

 

  • Indicating productive and injected zones, fluid entry point, leaks.
  • Location of fluid movement behind the pipe or casing
  • Cement top determination
  • Can be used in horizontal/ highly deviated wells.
  • It is sensitive with a wide range of fluid flow rates.

When downhole pressure is lower than bubble point pressure, associated gas is released. This gas could result in a temperature anomaly due to Joule – Thomson effect as shown in the plot opposite.

This plot indicates flow behind casing at 240m3/d flow rates.

The temperature curve shows flow behind the casing from 3800m down to 4176-4180m, where it enter the casing.

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Flowmeters

DESCRIPTION

The Continuous Spinner Flowmeter are disgned for logging in tubing or sand screened well. The spinner rotates continuously and is supported by roller bearings each end. This performs in all well orientations from vertical to horizontal, in very high fluid velocity such as gas wells.

The Caged Full Bore Flowmeter – CFB provides added protection to its impeller when used in wells with large ID gas lift mandrels and in horizontal wells. By allowing a large diameter impeller to pass through small diameter tubing, accurate flowrates covering a large cross section of the casing may be measured.

OPERATING PRINCIPLE

CFS: The spinner is mounted between roller bearings and rotation detection is through zero drag Hall effect devices, giving very low threshold and optimizing low flow measurement at high flowrate.

CFB: it may be closed down to tool diameter while running or pulling out of hole, and opens automatically to casing size when it leaves the tubing to enter the casing. Should a restriction be encountered during logging, the flowmeter will close and fold the spinner until the restriction is passed, thus avoiding damage to the blades.  

SPECIFICATIONS

Max. Pressure
15000 psi
Max. Temp.
350 degrees F (177oC)
CFS:
Tool Diameter
1-1/2” (38mm) standard, 1-3/8” (35mm)
Tubing Diameter
Min 0.125” greater than tool OD
Threshold approx 5 ft/min
Max. Fluid Velocity min 2500 ft/min
CFB:
Tool Diameter
1-1/2” (38mm) standard, 1-3/8” (35mm)
Casing Diameter 4 1/2 “ –  9 5/8 “
Tubing Diameter
Min 0.125 greater than tool OD
Threshold
±1.7 ft/min (100bpd in 7”casing)
Max. Fluid Velocity 500 ft/min (28250 bpd in 7” casing)









 

 

APPLICATIONS

CFS:      

         Production Profile in Tubing across Sliding Side Doors. Offers better protection in wells with debris.

Logging inside sand screens/slotted liners.

         Injection Monitoring  

CFB:

Horizontal and Highly Deviated Wells

Full Bore Production Profile

Full Bore Injection Profile

Low Flow Rates

         Detecting Leaks and Crossflow.

The Flowmeters have been used by VIETSOVPETRO L&TD since 1991 with more than 200 jobs conducted  in over 100 wells of White Tiger and Dragon Field

         Downhole multiphase flow likely encountered in production well.

Production logging in multi-phase flow wells has the same target as in the single-phase wells, as isolated interval detection anomalous rate changes clarification.

 

 

 

 


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Memory Production Logging System

            In memory production logging the production logging tools are run on non conducting wireline (slickline) or on coiled tubing. Power is supplied by a lithium battery at the top of the string. Instead of data being sent up the line the telemetry is decoded and data is stored in a memory tool according to a pre-programmed sample rate. Simultaneously depth and line speed data is recorded at surface in memory. After the tools are recovered from the well the two sets of data are merged with output files in ASCII format of depth, line speed and tool responses. These ASCII files are read into log plotting software and after depth correlating plotted as production logs.

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Surface Readout Production Logging System

INTRODUCTION

In surface readout production logging the production logging tools are run on conducting wireline which is run from surface through a pressure control system (usually grease injection). Power is sent down the line and data from the production logging tools is relayed up via a telemetry system and decoded. This data is merged with depth and line speed data from the wireline unit’s measuring head and the logging data is displayed real time.

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