• Xưởng sửa chữa và chuẩn chỉnh máy địa vật lý

    Xưởng có nhiệm vụ chính là bảo dưỡng, sửa chữa và hiệu chỉnh các máy móc thiết bị điện tử phục vụ cho các đơn vị trong Xí nghiệp địa vật lý giếng khoan. Ngoài ra xưởng còn nghiên cứu đưa vào ứng dụng và phát triển công nghệ tin học trong công tác địa vật lý

  • Trung tâm Phân tích và Xử lý số liệu

    Có nhiệm vụ đánh giá chất lượng tài liệu do Xí nghiệp Địa vật lý thực hiện.

  • Đội công nghệ cao

    Khảo sát địa vật lý tổng hợp trong giếng đang khoan. Đo địa vật lý tổng hợp, bắn mìn.

  • Đội Kiểm tra công nghệ khai thác

    Có nhiệm vụ là đo khảo sát và kiểm tra công nghệ khai thác trong các giếng khai thác và bơm ép.

  • Đội Carota khí

    Đội Carôta khí có nhiệm vụ chính là khảo sát carota khí, cung cấp kịp thời các số liệu để xác minh trữ lượng, tình trạng các giếng khoan.

  • Đội thử vỉa

    Đội có nhiệm vụ thử vỉa ở các giếng khoan nhằm định hướng cho công tác khoan, xác định tình trạng và đo vỉa, cung cấp thông tin để xác định trữ lượng công nghiệp của giếng

L&TD

LOGGING & TESTING DIVISION

XÍ NGHIỆP ĐỊA VẬT LÝ GIẾNG KHOAN - BẠN ĐỒNG HÀNH CỦA CÁC NHÀ DẦU KHÍ - TRANG WEB ĐANG TRONG THỜI GIAN NÂNG CẤP VÀ CẬP NHẬT....

Sản phẩm dịch vụ

Memory Production Logging System

            In memory production logging the production logging tools are run on non conducting wireline (slickline) or on coiled tubing. Power is supplied by a lithium battery at the top of the string. Instead of data being sent up the line the telemetry is decoded and data is stored in a memory tool according to a pre-programmed sample rate. Simultaneously depth and line speed data is recorded at surface in memory. After the tools are recovered from the well the two sets of data are merged with output files in ASCII format of depth, line speed and tool responses. These ASCII files are read into log plotting software and after depth correlating plotted as production logs.

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Wireline Perforation 3-3/8, 4-1/2,5 & 7" Deep Penetrator

Gun type O.D (In.) Charge type Shot density (spf) Expl Wt  (g) 1-hr Temp. Rating (°F)

Casing O.D. (in.)

API RP-43 Fifth Edition

Scallo-

ped

gun systems


   
3-3/8 SDP 6 24.0 400 4.5 0.59 31.12
4-1/2 SDP 6 39 400 7 0.39 49
5 DP 6 32 330 7 0.42 27.78
7 SDP 12 39 400 9.625 0.45 33.41
3-3/8 BH 12 14
4.5 0.57 4.91

Item Description  
1 Top Sub  
2 Carrier  
3 Tandem Sub  
4 Bull Plug  
5 O-ring # 230  
6 O-ring # 335  
7 Detonating Cord  
8 Lead Wire  
9 Contact Holder Spring Assy  
10 Port Plug W/Seal  
A Detonating Cord, 80 gr, HMX  
D Detonator

L & TD has used this equipment since 1988 in hundreds wells. These wells were located at Bach Ho, Dai Hung and Rong oil fields. The angle of wells may have been to 70 degrees and the depth up to 5000 m.

This equipment can be uesd without cutting off electric supply.

Wireline perforation has been used very safely in our oil field’s. Advantages of wireline perforation is the gun can not fire if hydrostatic pressure less 10 atm and the length of the gun may be from 3 to 8 meters.

 

The picture shows, the well after perforation using a wireline gun.

- Density: 20 charges per meter.

- Gun size: 3-3/8”.

- Perforation intervals: 3640-3660, 3690- 3695 and 3715-3725m

This picture shows the result of production logs after perforation using a wireline gun for a production well in basement

- Shot density: 20 charges per meter.

- Gun size: 3-3/8”.

- Perforation intervals: 3680 - 3719.5 m.

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Full Wave Sonic Analysic

FULL WAVE SONIC tool measures compressional wave, shear wave and stoneley wave in a waveform.

*FullWave module. Using a fullwave module we can present and analyze fullwave acoustic data. The program allows displaying the logged data graphically in many ways. The data images can be enhanced to emphasize certain features.

The following analysis techniques are available with FullWave:

  •  Frequency Display
  •  Receivers Display
  •  Delta-T for IRD
  •  Stoneley Delta-T
  •  Stoneley Reflector
  •  LWD Delta-T, LWD Delta-T Lite, or LWD Delta-T Mark II

Beside that, FullWave module allows the use of Kaiser and Finite Impulse frequency filters and from that we can see and analyze compressional wave, shear wave or stoneley wave independently.

*RockXpertTM Analysis module. Critical Information for Fracture Designs and Well Plans

  • Provides valuable input to fracture-design programs that predict fracture geometry and that help select fracturing fluids, proppants, and pumping schedules.
  • Determines the mud weights required to prevent sanding and fracturing during drilling.
  • Provides optimal direction in which to drill deviated, horizontal, and extended-reach wells to maximize borehole stability and increase the effectiveness of subsequent hydraulic fracturing
  • Provides optimal direction in which to drill deviated, horizontal, and extended-reach wells to maximize borehole stability and increase the effectiveness of subsequent hydraulic fracturing
  • Assists in evaluating a well’s sanding potential to determine whether a gravel pack or frac pack may be necessary to help maintain production at optimal levels
   

The declination of a horizontal wellbore with respect to the principal horizontal stress can have a significant effect on wellbore stability and fracture geometry. RockXpert logs can aid in well planning to minimize borehole instability and to maximize the effectiveness of fracturing operations.

At any specified point along a proposed or existing well path, RockXpert analysis can identify stable borehole conditions as a function of mud weight and borehole deviation.

   

RockXpert logs indicate the safe mud-weight range to provide sanding and formation breakdown, as shown in Track 2. The logs also include gamma and caliper curves in Track 1, predicted maximum borehole deviation in Track 3, and lithology information in Track 4.

STRES, FRACHT, FRACPAR, FWSIWC modules allow us to estimate:

  •  Poisson’s ratio, Young’s module, bulk module, travel time ratio
  • Max compressional phase, max shear phase, max Stoneley phase, max compressional frequency, max shear frequency, max Stoneley frequency.
  • Transit time at: max compressional transmissivity, max shear transmissivity and max Stoneley transmissivity
  • Fracture initial pressure, fracture closure pressure
     

This plot shows potential zones in White Tiger fractured basement by means of the energy loss of Stoneley wave (Track 5), in fact, these zones are highly productive

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Surface Equipment GSP-1 VSP Data Acquistion System

Main Features:

• Up to 16 analogue   channels

• 512 Kb digital interface

• 24bit Delta-Sigma  convertors

• Built in firing circuit

• Full instrument tests

• USP interface

• Use standard PC running VSProwess software

Specifications

Analogue section

   
No. of channels: 2-16
Sample interval 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 1.25, 2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 5.0ms
 A/D converter 24bit Delta-Sigma
Dynamic range <112dB@ 0dB pri-gain (minimum)
Distortion <0.01% (0.003% typical)@ 31.25Hz, 15V pp signal
Noise <10µV rms @ 1ms, 0dB pre-gain
Input Diffirential 20V pp max
Inter-channel skew 256kbit/second
Timing Accuracy 10ppm

Digital section

Capacity   512Kbps datastream
 Interface RS422 (As2065 DIF module option)
Cable equalisation Fully automatic using internal DSP chip
Format Software configured to match system

General

Airgun firing pulse   Isolated 60V, 30ms pulse
Sound control outputs 4, opto-isolated
Timebreak inputs 3, opto-isolated
Remote start input 1, opto-isolated
Test system Fully automatic with comprehensive report generation
PC interface USP
Power requirements
95-260V ac, 50/60Hz universal input, 50Watts
Enclosure Standard 19” rack mounting

Functionality

Communication with the PC recording system  is by USB serial interface. The USB interface will allow the panel to be used with all modern PC’s.

The GSP incorporates a single airgun firing circuit for use on simple checkshot surveys. For independent external control circuits give control over external source controllers such as our own RSS four gun remote gun firing system

 

 

    

The GSP-1 in use with a Dual analogue system

           The panel provides fully automatic DC offset and gain calibration along with full instrument tests. The I-test reports are generated on the PC for archiving or for passing on to the client.

          Fig1: Acquisition Observer Log

          Fig2: Stack plot of vertical and horizontal components.

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Borehole Compensated Sonic Log

Tool specification
Principle
Borehole Compensated Sonic
Max Temp
3500F
1750C
Max Press
18 500 psi
127 600 kPa
Max hole
17.5 in
445 mm
Min hole
4.25 in
108 mm
Range
40-190 µs/ft
131-623 µs/m
Vertical Resolution (90%)
2ft 0.610 m
Depth of Investigation (50%

<3 inμЅ

<76.2 mm
Sensitivity
na na
Accuracy:
±1 µs/ft ± 3 µs/m
    Primary Curves
∆tc(compressional slowness)
   Secondary Curves
Φc

Borehole Compensated Sonic tools determine the time required for a compressional sound wave to travel through one foot of formation. The travel time depends upon the formation's lithology, porosity, and type of pore fluid. Thus, if lithology and type of pore fluid are known, travel time can be related to porosity.

As an aid to interpretation of seismic data, the compres­sional travel times are integrated and the results indicated on the log. A tick mark appears on the log for each millisecond of elapsed time. The interval between tick marks indicates the depth interval through which sonic waves travel in 1 millisecond.

Compensated Sonic tools contain two acoustic trans­mitters and two acoustic receivers. The standard arrange­ment of these components results in travel time measure­ments made with transmitter-to-receiver spacing of 3 and 5 feet. The use of such multiple travel time measure­ments allows for compensation for borehole fluids, borehole rugosity, and tool tilt

Compensated Sonic tools are run in liquid-filled wells and should be centralized in the borehole. The tools can be combined with other tools such as Gamma Ray, Induction, Laterolog, Density, Neutron, and Caliper.

                                   
Applications:      
  •  Porosity analysis
  •  Lithology identification
  •  Abnormal pressure identification
  •  Velocity data for seismic studies
 

DT measurement in sedimentary rock

DT measurement  in basement

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Surface Readout Production Logging System

INTRODUCTION

In surface readout production logging the production logging tools are run on conducting wireline which is run from surface through a pressure control system (usually grease injection). Power is sent down the line and data from the production logging tools is relayed up via a telemetry system and decoded. This data is merged with depth and line speed data from the wireline unit’s measuring head and the logging data is displayed real time.

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Tubing Conveyed Perforation

Benefits and Features:

  •  Perforation in highly deviated or horizontal wells
  •  Very safe since the well can not blow when perforating
  •  The needed for perforration is very little
  •  Perforate can be under or over balanced for many formations with hundreds meters of perforated interval.
  •  Perforation under balanced gives deep penetration stable antry holes.

Specifications 

  •  Gun O.D.: 3-3/8”
  •  Casing O.D: 4.5”
  •  Shot Density (spf): 6
  •  Gun type: Scalloped gun systems
  •  Entry hole: 0.59” (Concrete target)
  •  Concrete target penetration: 31.12” (Concrete target)

Time Vs Temperature chart for explosives

   

The picture shows the result of production logging after perforation using TCP

Perforation intervals:

4271 - 4282,

4285 - 4291,

4294 - 4314 m.

versus producing flows at: 24.3, 17.1 and 3.6 m3 of oil per day.

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SASHA SAnd SHale Analysis

         SASHA is one of the most useful and effective softwares in petrophysical analysis. The SASHA program evaluates shaly sand reservoirs, and provides effective porosity, water saturation, hydrocarbon density, and clay and silt volumes. Sasha analysis can also determine the relative permeabilities models. Minimum log data consists of a gamma ray or spontaneous potential log; a density, neutron, or sonic porosity log; and an induction or laterolog resistivity log. Improved results are obtained if photoelectric (Pe), shallow resistivity, sonic, dielectric, and spectral gamma ray data are used. This is an industry standard shaly-sand analysis model.

          The program has two basic options to evaluate these parameters:

·    The general case when any type of hydrocarbons may be present and hence the density of hydrocarbons is not known.

·    When density of hydrocarbons is known and there is little or no invasion. This option is primarily designed to evaluate tight gas sands where the density of gas is usually known and there is no invasion due to very low permeability.


 

Shale content is computed from one or several (as a minimum) of the following shale indicators: Gamma Ray, SP, Deep resistivity curve, Thorium, Potassium, Thorium+Potasium, Neutron, Density-Neutron cross plot, and Density-Acoustic cross plot; or an external shale volume Vsh is used for the volume of shale.  

Porosity is computed from the Density-Neutron cross plot or Density-Acoustic cross plot or single porosity logs: Density, Neutron or Acoustic. Salt and coal can be identified when necessary by setting flags and cut-off values. SASHA also corrects for the excavation effect (if desired).

Several equations are included to compute water saturation: Archie. Simandoux, Indonesia, Waxman-Smits, and Dielectric analysis models.

Permeability can be computed from one of two equations: Timur or Wyllie-Rose. Effective permeabilities for hydrocarbons and water are also computed

This program has been used popularly in L&TD for shaly sand reservoirs. Tool response equations available are SP, GR, Rt, Rxo, density, neutron and sonic. The figure 1 shows result of SASHA processing for Shaly Sand reservoirs. The unknowns are porosity, clay volume, sand volume, water saturation, water saturation in flushed zone, hydrocarbon density, and permeability index.


 


 

 

 

 


        

Fig. 1 – Results of SASHA processing for Shaly Sand

Toolpusher Features

Features: 

  - Toolpusher is a tool transport system use to convey the logging tools to the bottom of the well, when e-line can not get the tools to T.D.

- In many instances experience has proven that much less rig time is used, if Toolpusher is utilized first. 

-  Depending on depth, Toolpusher operations consume about 3 to 4 time more time than e-line conveyed operations.

- Any e-line service can be provided via Toolpusher.


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Perforation

      WIRELINE PERFORATION 3”½, 4”½, 5”, 7” DEEP PENETRATOR

          Imported from OWEN (USA) & INNICOR (CANADA) L&TD has been using this equipment since 1988 in hundreds wells of VSP. The deviation angle of wells up to 70 degrees and the depth up to 5000 M. This type of perforation can be armed without cutting off electricity. Wireline perforation are used very safety in oil & gas field's. Advantages of Wireline perforation is the gun can not fire if hydrostatic pressure less than 10 at the length of the gun varies from 3 to 8 meters 

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